He had been in hospice care at his home in Bel Air.
"Frank Robinson's résumé in our game is without parallel, a trailblazer in every sense, whose impact spanned generations", Major League Baseball commissioner Rob Manfred said in a statement. His 586 career home runs are 10th on the all-time list. He also led his teams to two World Series titles - winning with the Orioles in 1966, when he also was voted the World Series MVP, and in 1970.
"He was one of the greatest players in the history of our game, but that was just the beginning of a multifaceted baseball career", MLB Commissioner Robert Manfred said in a statement. "Baseball will miss a tremendous human being", Aaron said on Twitter.
But his place in the sport's history extended far beyond the batter's box and basepaths. His impact was immediate and memorable.
Robinson broke in with a bang as a 20-year-old big leaguer. In the first inning, he homered off Doc Medich and the crowd went insane, cheering the whole April afternoon as Cleveland beat the Yankees.
Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame during his first year of eligibility in 1982, and according to USA Today, three different franchises have retired his number and erected statues of him at their ballparks.
Robinson went on to manage five teams, including the Orioles from 1988 to 1991 and the Nationals for the first two seasons after baseball returned to D.C.in 2005.
Boone downplays Judge's comment about making room for Harper in Yankees' outfield
Now it's not clear what he can command or if any team is willing to invest that much money in him for more than a few years. Harper reportedly turned down at least $300 million from the Nationals early in the offseason.
Since his debut, more than half of all teams have had a black manager.
Robinson was one of the most impactful people in baseball.
He played for the Dodgers in 1972 and was traded to the California Angels after the season, played with them in 1973 and for most of the 1974 season before he was dealt to Cleveland.
In 2005, Robinson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest USA civilian award, for setting a lasting example of character in athletics.
Though paid only an additional $20,000 to handle both jobs, Robinson took the position knowing his place in history. His leadership in the front office and as manager of the Orioles was highlighted by being named the American League Manager of the Year in 1989.
Basketball legend Bill Russell said Robinson was a good friend.
A 14-time All-Star, Robinson's career ranks among the best in the game's history. -Frank Robinson in October 2006, at the end his managerial tenure in Washington, his 51st season as a player, manager or club executive. Robinson was awarded "for his extraordinary achievements as a baseball player and manager for setting a lasting example of character and athletics".