Former FBI Director James Comey will appear before a U.S. District Judge in Washington D.C. on Friday afternoon.
"Mr. Comey asks this Court's intervention not to avoid giving testimony but to prevent the Joint Committee from using the pretext of a closed interview to peddle a distorted, partisan political narrative about the Clinton and Russian Federation investigations through selective leaks", lawyers for Comey wrote in a court filing submitted Washington, D.C. courthouse.
GOP lawmakers who are investigating the FBI's role in the 2016 presidential election have sent summons to both Comey and former attorney General Loretta Lynch.
The subpoena, issued last week, followed a New York Times report that Mr. Trump wanted to order the Justice Department to prosecute rivals Comey and Hillary Clinton.
While Comey technically seeks to pause or kill the subpoena, he is using the case to air his accusation that members of Congress in the Republican-led House and Senate selectively leak details for their own benefit when they call witnesses to testify in private. "I'm still happy to sit in the light and answer all questions".
Comey is not expected to attend Friday's hearing in person.
Met Éireann issues Status Orange weather warning for six counties
It said to expect "very strong and disruptive winds", with gusts of up to 70mph (112km/hr) in some places around the country. Although mild, it will become very windy everywhere, with gales or severe gales affecting much of the north and west.
Judge Trevor McFadden scheduled a 2 p.m. hearing on the motion for November 30.
Lawyers for Comey filed the motion on Thursday in an attempt to keep him from having to appear before House Republicans in a closed-door meeting on Monday.
Republicans have alleged the FBI is biased against Trump, pointing to Comey's decision to publicly announce the FBI would not bring charges against Clinton, as well as text messages that disparaged Trump exchanged between two former FBI staff who worked on the email probe. Kelly told the judge they sought to quash the subpoena because it violated House rules, "harasses the witness", and had no "legitimate objective", adding that it "wreaks of political theater".
Mr. Comey says House rules mandate public hearings as the normal practice. He said that the House was not looking to hold a private deposition due to concerns about national security or law enforcement information, but because the deposition process is more efficient.
They have also claimed the Federal Bureau of Investigation wrongly applied for a warrant to surveil former Trump campaign adviser Carter Page.
Republican Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.), the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, wrote on Twitter, "Comey believes he deserves special treatment, as he is the only witness refusing to either appear voluntarily or comply with a subpoena".