He handed a return catch to Devendra Bishoo and departed after a prolific 134 off just 154 balls when the Indian scorecard read 232/3.
With hundreds on debut in Ranji trophy, Duleep trophy and Irani Trophy, all eyes were on Prithvi after it was announced he is set to make his debut in the first Test match.
18-year-old Prithvi Shaw made best use of the flat track to score a century on Test debut.
Virender Sehwag, who is well known for his cheeky posts on Twitter, showered praises on the youngster and wrote:"It's been the Shaw show".
West Indies improved its lines post lunch, but it didn't hamper Shaw, who reached his century off 99 balls, the third quickest on debut in test history.
More than half of his runs came through boundaries, 19 in total.
He was out trying to drive legspinner Devendra Bishoo but only chipping straight back to the bowler. Skipper Virat Kohli (72 not out off 137) and his deputy Ajinkya Rahane (41 off 92) then took the innings forward with a 105-run stand in the final session, putting India in the driver's seat before the latter was caught behind off spinner Roston Chase.
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With the achievement, Shaw became the fourth youngest player to score a hundred on debut and the youngest ever Indian.
Shaw's hundred is a massive one for India in two respects - one, it breaks the kind of monopoly that the Vijay-Dhawan pair enjoyed and two, it shows that India can benefit from moving on from tried and tested options. Gabriel trapped his opening partner Rahul in front with a sharp incoming delivery to give the West Indies an early breakthrough. Kohli ends the over with a single, sending the ball towards point.
He built a solid partnership with Cheteshwar Pujara.
While Shaw punched and drove effortlessly off pacers, he was equally comfortable against the spin duo of Bishoo and Chase.
Virat Kohli and Rishabh Pant will start the proceedings for India, its a great opportunity for both of them to register Test tons as West Indies bowling attack has looked clueless against these Indian batsmen.
Shaw, a diminutive right-hander, reached his 50 in a quickfire 56 deliveries.