Prithvi also got the opportunity to bat with his skipper Virat Kohli in his very first match. He became the 15th Indian player to do so and only the second player while playing at the opening.
India´s Ravindra Jadeja celebrates after reaching his century (100 runs) during the second day´s play of the first Test cricket match between India and West Indies at the Saurashtra Cricket Association stadium in Rajkot on October 5, 2018.
Overall, Shaw is the 106th player to score a century on Test debut and is the first since Ireland's Kevin O'Brien against Pakistan earlier this year. During his knock, Kohli also amassed 3000 Test runs in India (53 innings).
Shaw steered the team to 180/1 just after the lunch break.
More than half of his runs came through boundaries, 19 in total.
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He was not facing one of the best attacks but he gave ample evidence of his brilliance on way to a memorable hundred.
Smith, who is serving a one-year ball tampering ban, has 23 tons in 64 Tests. Rahane played 92 balls and slammed five boundaries.
Nonetheless, Shaw showcased why is rated so highly by the cricket community.
However, there was some early celebration for the Windies when Gabriel struck Rahul in front with the sixth ball of the match with just three runs on the board.
The teenage prodigy collected two fours off Bishoo in the 11th over and did the same to Chase in the 20th over. Their troubles had mounted even before the start of the game as Holder pulled out with an ankle injury, giving Kraigg Brathwaite a chance to lead the team.
Rishabh Pant (17) and skipper Virat Kohli (72) were at the crease when umpires dislodged the bails for the day.