The Russian reconnaissance plane was downed last Monday after Israeli jets attacked targets in Latakia province. The incident in which Syrian air defenses shot down a Russian plane while responding to an Israeli airstrike has angered the Kremlin but given it an opportunity to expand its footprint. However, officials in both Israel and the United States warned Russian Federation against providing the Syrian military with the advanced surface-to-air missiles, saying the transfer would further destabilize the region. "Russian Federation is showing Israel who is in charge and that it won't take any more nonsense", Jay told RT.
Russian Federation and Turkey agreed last week to set up a demilitarized zone around Idlib to separate government forces from rebels, averting a government offensive on the last major opposition stronghold in Syria.
Russian Federation said it would supply the Syrian army with an S-300 air defence system and would jam radars of hostile warplanes.
In recent years, Israel has carried out repeated strikes against Iranian targets in Syria as well as what it says are advanced arms deliveries to Hezbollah.
"The S-300 is one of the world's most advanced and sophisticated anti-aircraft systems and yes it is a challenge for us", Oren said.
The Russian Defense Ministry on Sunday again blamed Israel for the downing of a Russian plane by Syrian government forces, adding that Israel appeared "ungrateful" for Moscow's efforts to rein in Iran-backed fighters in Syria.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's office explicitly linked the Russian decision to supply the weapons to the air crash: "President Putin held Israel responsible for bring down the plane and informed President Assad that Russia will develop Syria's air defence systems", the Syrian presidency said.
Under orders from the Russian President, the Syrian army will receive a new S-300 surface-to-air missile system as well as new radar jamming technology.
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"According to information of our military experts, the reason (behind the downing) was premeditated actions by Israeli pilots which certainly can not but harm our relations", Peskov told journalists.
On September 17, 2018 Syrian air defences down by error a Russian Ilyushin Il-20 military plane over the Mediterranean, killing all 15 crew members, as Israel is carrying out a raid on a Syrian army facility. Moscow has tried to maintain good relations with Iran, which is also allied with the Syrian government, and Israel, which is wary of Iran's growing influence in Syria.
Israel strongly disputed the assertion and vowed it will continue to act against Iranian targets in neighboring Syria.
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said the S-300 air defense missile system will be transferred to Syrian armed forces in 2 weeks.
Mattis declined to provide any timetable for how long USA troops might remain in Syria, but there was a noticeable show of force recently when Marines conducted a training exercise near the US outpost neat At Tanf, in which they trained with local Syrian forces.
Israel's Channel 10, meanwhile, quoted an unnamed Israeli official as saying that the situation with Russian Federation constituted a "serious crisis".
Shoigu announced that Russia would also equip Syrian air defenses with a new automated control system to enhance its efficiency and help identify Russian aircraft.