Gareth Southgate's men prevailed in a fiercely competitive match against the South Americans, but Maradona has since hit out at first official Mark Geiger for awarding England a penalty after Harry Kane was wrestled to the ground by Carlos Sanchez.
Colombia's stand-out player from the tournament will be Mina, whose headers earned him the nickname "Mina de Oro" or gold mine, after they carried Colombia to victories against Senegal and Poland in the group stage.
The last time they met at the World Cup was in 1998, with England winning 2-0, while the Three Lions also won their most recently encounter when victorious 3-2 in a friendly in the United States of America back in 2005.
"The players have really executed everything (in the shootout) that we've talked about exceptionally well and we showed incredible resilience to come back from huge disappointment at the final whistle and keep our calm".
Inside the arena, the lowest number of England fans since the Tunisia game - officially numbering 2,225 - were drowned out by their rivals until after the game, when the players went over to take selfies and share the special moment with them. "It was a night when I knew we were going to get over the line".
"It is true that I did not shine as I had wanted in England but that is part of the past", said the 32-year-old striker.
England will have just three days to recover before facing Sweden in Samara on Saturday for a place in the semifinals.
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Maradona, 1986 World Cup champion, had been a prominent spectator during Argentina matches but seemingly switched allegiances when his country was dumped out of the competition by France.
"I think the best thing for us was to beat them at football. He can not be put in to referee a match of this magnitude".
"Respect, fair play and joy for the game is all that matters tonight".
When Juan Cuadrado blazed horribly over the bar with the goal gaping 10 minutes from time with Colombia's first chance of the match it looked all over for them but there was a fiery sting in the tail of normal time.
Asked what he thought of Geiger, who dished out yellow cards to six Colombian players, Maradona sneered: "The referee will know a lot about baseball, but he has no idea about football".
"But we have played tough matches that have made us stronger, more confident and with more belief in ourselves".